Many people don’t need a general anesthetic during bunion removal surgery. Instead, you’ll get a local anesthetic called an ankle block. An ankle block makes you numb below the ankle, but you’ll be awake for the surgery.
Once you’re completely numb, the surgeon will remove the bunion and make other repairs to your foot. Some of the most common types of bunion removal procedures are osteotomy, exostectomy, and arthrodesis.
- In an osteotomy, your surgeon will cut your big toe joint and realign it to a normal position.
- In an exostectomy, your surgeon will remove your bunion from the joint without performing an alignment.
- In an arthrodesis, your surgeon will replace the damaged joint with screws or metal plates to correct the deformity.
Generally, you can go home after a couple of hours in recovery.